Public Toilet in Shenzhen Bay Haifeng Sports activities actions Sq. / CCDI GROUP 21 Design Studio
Mission Overview – The spherical metropolis commentary platform going via the ocean is positioned throughout the coastal coronary heart of Nanshan District, Shenzhen. It’s adjoining to the coastal train backyard throughout the south, most people parking lot throughout the north, the intelligent well being area for residents throughout the east, and the panorama tree array and arduous ground sq. throughout the west. It’s set off throughout the coastal panorama belt of Shenzhen Bay Park about 13 kilometers prolonged, with useful transportation and a fantastic coastal panorama. As a public developing demolished and rebuilt on the genuine web page, its major options embrace public loos and bathe rooms that are open to vacationers throughout the park all day prolonged. It’s an enchancment of public welfare design for most people loos in Haifeng Sports activities actions Sq. of Shenzhen Bay Park and has served the encircling residents and visitors since May 1, 2023.
Analysis of the distinctive state – ① The distinctive public rest room developing had a thick and heavy image, which was not applicable with the coastal panorama. ②Unreasonable purposeful streamline: Feminine and male loos shared the similar channel for entry and exit, making it inconvenient to utilize in parks with extreme pedestrian flow into.③The inside walkway of the lavatory was slim, the facilities had been rudimentary, and the hygiene facilities had been insufficient. Amongst them, there have been 8 male restroom slots and 6 urinal slots; 13 female rest room slots; There was no third rest room or mother and-baby room. Consistent with employees research, there was a extreme flow into of people throughout the park, and the phenomenon of prolonged queues in girls’s loos sometimes occured.④Lack of humanistic care: Although the distinctive developing had partially elevated areas, it didn’t current any facilities and home for vacationers, cleaning workers, or park employees to rest.
Design goals – In response to the problems present throughout the genuine public loos, we advise various requirements for the model new design: ① Combining the traits of the situation and integrating the developing into the environment. ② Based totally on the needs of vacationers, improve rest room areas and provide additional corporations harking back to showers, third bogs, and mother and youngster rooms. ③ Change the usual impression of public loos and provide residents with a people-oriented resting place.
The Ring of Vitality – The mission responds to the openness of the situation with a spherical ring, making it useful for people moving into from all directions to utilize the developing and promoting a approach of closeness between the developing and the environment. Surrounding the spherical home, a males’s restroom is organized on the east facet and a girls’s restroom is organized on the west facet, with the number of girls’s restroom slots elevated to 22; On the east facet of the panorama axis the bathe function group, whereas on the west facet of the panorama axis is the mother and youngster room, third rest room, sanitation worker lounge, and equipment room function group. The spherical corridor connects various options to type a simple and environment friendly construction. Together with meeting major rest room options, it moreover creates a gray home for vacationers to rest and wait, whereas integrating the developing roof as a inexperienced home with the environment. On this basis, by the use of changes in roof slope, vacationers can climb up the steps, take heed to the wind, and study the ocean.
Eave corridors and courtyards – The profound horizontal eaves type a 2.4-meter-wide spherical corridor on the outer facet of the spherical ring, and the clear areas between various purposeful groups type a framed panorama, making a coherent and clear gray home collectively. All through peak rest room hours, people can queue throughout the spherical corridor to steer clear of publicity to sunlight and rain. On the similar time, the chairs rising from the wall beneath the eaves corridor facilitate people’s rest and prepared. Of their leisure time, they may sit and profit from the encircling environment whereas blowing the ocean breeze. The spherical courtyard surrounded by the center has a diameter of about 18 meters and opens to a inexperienced backyard, forming an infinite framed view of the sky, the place blue sky, white clouds, inexperienced bushes, and birds may very well be seen. The spherical courtyard may also be applicable for children to run and play, and the 1.2-meter-wide spherical corridor on the within facet permits dad and mother to watch out beneath the corridor, providing an open and easy-to-take care of train home for children and folks.
Spherical metropolis commentary platform in Shenzhen Bay – The wooden steps that climb up the steps must be made as mild as potential, which is useful for residents to walk comfortably. Reeds are planted on all sides of the steps and commentary platform, conserving people in a inexperienced setting via the viewing. On the similar time, inexperienced roofs current a fantastic “fifth facade” panorama for city, efficiently regulating the overall microclimate of the plot. The spherical metropolis commentary deck going via the ocean has turn into an outstanding metropolis commentary spot for residents to “view the ocean from Jieshi to the east”, and is a spot for group pictures and check-in; It moreover presents a pure metropolis stand for the grassland sports activities actions space on the seaside, providing a fantastic begin line for the annual Spring Competitors welcome run, with out the need to assemble a quick begin line; It presents a fantastic public place for metropolis public actions harking back to music festivals.
Facade Provides – The design hopes that the developing will disappear throughout the environment, fairly than turn into the protagonist on the situation. By means of facade tone, pure and simple plain concrete is undoubtedly a good choice, allowing the developing to combine in with the environment with a humble angle. However, via the deepening technique of the plan, considering the event difficulty and worth administration of the mission, dry-hanging plain concrete slabs had been used to interchange it, which may also be useful for later repairs and upkeep. Inside the males’s and ladies’s restrooms, the hand washing area and extreme house home windows are embellished with wooden louvers to ensure pure air move and to a certain extent block the view. On the similar time, the wooden coloration can also add a contact of familiarity to the gray plain concrete.
Evaluation and Reflection – Reworking passive standard public loos into energetic metropolis public areas, providing residents with a people-oriented resting place, the model new developing has achieved the preliminary design thought. After the developing was formally put into use and blended with the on-site utilization state of affairs, we found various factors that should be mirrored on and improved: ① seats may very well be appropriately added to the eaves gallery and roof platform of the within courtyard to facilitate residents’ rest and commentary; ② Firstly of the design, the treatment of the roof was additional in accordance with the needs of the physique, with out establishing ramps. It was found that some dad and mother had been pushing strollers to the roof commentary platform, and throughout the later stage, ramps must be added on the steps to facilitate dad and mother or disabled people with infants to attain the best; ③ With a view to create a approach of floating, the height of the protruding seat is 600, which isn’t useful for children to utilize by the use of scale; ④ Roof greening didn’t undertake drip irrigation primarily based on the design, which is inconvenient for later repairs; ⑤ The inside and exterior drainage ditches on the roof often are usually not protected on the underside, making it easy for children to play on them, posing a safety hazard.
Conclusion – Watching the ocean with the wind, spring flowers bloom. The spherical metropolis commentary deck integrates into the park environment, altering the usual impression of public loos, providing residents with a humanized resting place, and as well as providing residents with an outstanding sea view resort. On the similar time, it presents a pure metropolis stand for the sports activities actions ground and backyard on the south facet of Haifeng Sports activities actions Sq.. Due to everyone involved on this public welfare mission for his or her selfless help and sturdy funding, regardless of obtain or loss.